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Siberian Ginseng

Botanical Name: Eleutherococcus senticosus | Family: Araliaceae Common name(s): Siberian Ginseng, Eleuthero Root, Devil’s Shrub | Purple (male) and yellow (female) flowers in early summer. GROWING Shrub; perennial | Zone 3-8 | 8-15 feet tall | flowers (purple for male, yellow for female) bloom in early summer. Pollination is by bees | oval blue-ish black berries Part…

Prickly Ash

Botanical Name: Zanthoxylum americanum | Family: Rutaceae Common name(s): Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree, Yellow Wood, Suterberry GROWING Shrub; perennial | Zone 3-7 | 8-15 feet tall | Small greenish flowers before leaves in April/May | Fruit grows in clusters at end of branches and is green to red to blue-black in color | Bark has scattered prickles…

Spearmint

Botanical Name: Mentha spicata | Family: Labiatae Common name(s): Spearmint Spearmint (and all members of the mint family) has the same medicinal properties as Peppermint. Please refer to that materia medica. Spearmint is milder, however, so may be more appropriate for children. photo credit: Isis Vieira – Arte & Design hortelã via photopin (license)…

Peppermint

Botanical Name: Mentha Piperita | Family: Labiatae Common name(s): Peppermint GROWING Perennial; herbaceous | Zone 5-9 | 2 feet tall | Spikes of purple flowers in mid- to late summer Full sun to shade| Adaptable to different soil types | Likes water | Propagate via root divisions (plants from seeds are inferior) HARVESTING Harvest the aerial parts anytime.…

Horseradish

Botanical Name: Amoracia rusticana | Family: Cruciferae Common name(s): Horseradish GROWING Perennial; herbaceous | Zone 4-9 | 2-3 feet tall | White flowers when it blooms, which is infrequent Full sun/dappled shade | Adaptable to different soil types | Likes moisture | Propagate via root divisions (it does not produce seeds) HARVESTING Harvest the roots anytime. They are large…

Gotu Kola

Botanical Name: Centella asiatica, syn. Hydrocotyle asiatica | Family: Apiaceae Common name(s): Gotu Kola, Indian Pennywort GROWING Perennial/Annual; herbaceous | Zone 8-11 | 6-8 inches tall | Greenish flowers sit underneath the leaves and bloom in early spring Partial shade to full sun | Rich garden soil preferred | Likes moisture | Propagate via root divisions or layerings. Hard to…

Ginseng

Botanical Name: Panax Ginseng (and other Panax varieties) | Family: Araliaceae Common name(s): Ginseng GROWING (for this and the harvesting section, I am going to focus on American Ginseng, since that’s the variety I would grow) Perennial; herbaceous | Zone 3-7 | 4-24 inches tall, depending on maturity | prongs develop from a single stalk and have…

Ginger

Botanical Name: Zingiber officinale | Family: Zingiberaceae Common name(s): Ginger GROWING Perennial; herbaceous | Zone 9-11 | 3-4 feet tall | Stems are actually leave stalks wrapped tightly around each other, which branch out further up | waxy yellow-green flowers tinged with purple Partial to full shade | Hot, humid | Rich, moist soil | Can be grown in…

Ginkgo

Botanical Name: Ginkgo biloba | Family: Ginkgoaceae Common name(s): Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree, Bai Guo (Chinese) GROWING Tree, deciduous | Zone 3-8 | 100 feet tall | Fan-shaped, 2-lobed, green to yellow leaves | Flowers on both male and female trees | Foul-smelling seeds on female trees Grows in a variety of conditions and thrives where many trees won’t…